Kita biasa mendengar tentang syiah tak betul dan lain lain lagi?
apa sebenarnya yang tak betul kat sini?
Apakah asas bezanya syiah dan sunni?
Shia (or Shi'ah)
|meaning of name|
"well-trodden path" or "tradition"
"party" or "partisans" of Ali
|percentage of total Muslims|
most Muslim countries
Iran, Iraq, Yemen
none, but four major schools of Muslim law are recognized
Ithna 'Ashariyah (Twelvers; the largest), Isma'iliyah and Zaydiyah
c. 632 CE; theology developed especially in 10th cent.
c. 632-650 CE; killing of Ali's son Husayn in 680 CE is major event
|did Muhammad designate a successor?|
|true successor of the Prophet|
Abu Bakr, father of the Prophet's favoured wife, 'A'ishah (elected by people of Medina)
'Ali ibn Abi Talib, husband of the Prophet's daughter Fatimah (designated by the Prophet)
|qualifications for ruler of Islam|
tribe of the Prophet (Quraysh); later, any qualified ruler
family of the Prophet
|identity of imams|
infallible manifestations of God and perfect interpreters of the Qur'an
will come in the future
was already on earth, is currently the "hidden imam" who works through mujtahids to intepret Qur'an; and will return at the end of time
|religious authority other than the Qu'ran|
ijma' (consensus) of the Muslim community
|concealing faith for self-protection (taqiya)|
affirmed under certain circumstances
|temporary marriage (mut'ah)|
practiced in the Prophet's time, but now rejected